What is Dry eye?
If you've tried a variety of nonsurgical dry eye treatments but still have persistent dry eye problems, surgery may be a possibility. However, dry eye surgery isn't often the first course of action for dry eyes. Before considering surgical operations, your doctor will most likely want to exhaust all other treatment options:
- Artificial tears,
- prescription eye drops that assist your eyes to produce more tears,
- warm compresses or
- various ointments or drops to help address underlying issues that may cause dry eyes
They are all common nonsurgical dry eye disease treatments. These treatments aren't always sufficient. If your eyes remain dry and unpleasant, your doctor may suggest one of the dry eye operations listed below.
Types of dry eye surgery
If alternative treatments don't work, your doctor may suggest one of several dry eye surgery procedures. Even though these procedures are minimally invasive, they may have unintended consequences.
Punctal plugs are a type of Punctal plug used to a Punctal clog is a barrier in the tear duct that prevents your natural tears from draining away from your eyes, either partial or complete. It will keep your eyes hydrated. Punctal plugs are of two categories:
- Temporary Punctal plugs. It is composed of collagen or similar material that degrades and gets absorbed by the body within days to months. A doctor may recommend this option as a trial run or follow-up following LASIK surgery.
- Semi-permanent plugs. Silicone or acrylic, frequently used. They can last for a long time. If necessary, a doctor can remove them later.
Both types of plugs get pulled into the puncta, which are tiny apertures in the corners of your eyes where tears normally drain. Semi-permanent plugs are occasionally implanted farther down, in the canaliculus, a section of the tear duct. Punctal plug insertion is a painless technique. Doctors may or may not use local anesthesia to numb an area.
As the devices get installed, you may feel pressure. The majority of people can return to their usual routines right away. Most people become accustomed to this sensation.
Other concerns that are more uncommon include:
- An incorrect fit, which can make the plug rub against your eye,
- increases the risk of infection.
- Tear duct inflammation causes watery eyes.
Thermal cautery is an endoscopic procedure where your doctor closes your tear ducts using heat to avoid moisture loss from the eyes. The area gets numbed throughout the procedure. It takes only a few minutes and gets done in your doctor's office.
Intense pulsed light therapy
Dry eye disease might get induced by the malfunction of Meibomian Glands Dysfunction (MGD). This disease causes abnormal meibum production. Tears get prevented from evaporating from the eyes by this sticky material. After that, your doctor will use a gadget to transmit light flashes into the skin around your eye.
Dry eye is a common side effect of laser-assisted in situ keratomileusis (LASIK) surgery to correct your eyesight. It might also help with pre-existing dry eyes. Your doctor may recommend temporary Punctal plugs or other dry eye treatments.
Do you have dry eyes? Are you looking for surgery?
What is Dry eye?